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VanRiper, F., Russel, K., Tillias, D., Tilt, J., Laporte, J. (2022). “Container-based sanitation in urban Haiti: how can it improve human rights as a component of citywide inclusive sanitation?”. H2Open Journal, 5(1), 135-152. Find It Here


Ferguson, C., Mallory, A., Anciano, F., Russel, K., Valladares, H. D. R. L., Riungu, J., & Parker, A. (2022). A qualitative study on resource barriers facing scaled container-based sanitation service chains. Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, 12(3), 318-328. Find It Here

F. VanRipper, K. Russel, L. Cramer, D. Tillias, J. Laporte, E. Lloyd, S. Kramer. 2022. “Container-based sanitation services and attrition: an examination of drivers and implications.” Frontiers of Environmental Science. 9:817142.  Find It Here


F. VanRipper, K. Russel, D. Tillias, J. Laporte, E. Lloyd, L. Cramer, S. Kramer. 2021. “The sanitation arc: an alternative examination of WASH behavior change.” Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, 7(1), 2080003. Find It Here

Ward, P., Castro, I.(S), Fiorelli, T.(S), Fretz, M., Ko, Y.(Co-I), Lee, J.H. (Co-I), Russel, K.(Co-I), da Sivla, C.(S), Van Den Wymelenberg, K.(PI). 2020. “Open Home Project: Designing Modular Housing and Landscapes for Resilient Communities.” American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy 2020 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, online; August 17-21, 2020. Find It Here

K. Russel, M. Buman, J. Davis, & W. Haskell. 2020 Estimating energy expenditure of head-hauling water and grain grinding from heart rate monitor measurements in northern Mozambique. Public Health Nutrition, 1-12. Find It Here

K. Russel, K. Hughes, M. Roach, D. Auerbach, A. Foote, S. Kramer, & R. Briceño. 2019. "Taking Container-Based Sanitation to Scale: Opportunities and Challenges." Frontiers in Environmental Science, 7, 190. Find It Here

K. Russel, S. Tilmans, S. Kramer, R. Sklar, D. Tillias and J. Davis. 2015. “User perception of and willingness to pay for household container-based sanitation services: experience from Cap Haitien, Haiti.” Environment and Urbanization Vol 27, No 2, pp. 525-540 Find It Here


S. Tilmans, K. Russel, R. Sklar, L. Page, S. Kramer, and J. Davis. 2015. “Container-Based Sanitation: Assessing Costs and Effectiveness of Excreta Management in Cap Haitien, Haiti.” Environment and Urbanization, Vol 27, No 1 pp 89-104. doi:10.1177/0956247815572746. Find It Here


J. Ho, K. Russel and J. Davis. 2014. “Evaluating the efficacy of Euclidean distance and self-reported travel time as proxies for water fetching distance.” Journal of Water and Health. Vol 12 No 1 pp 173–183 doi:10.2166/wh.2013.042. Find It Here


V. Zuin, L. Ortolano, M. Alvarinho, K. Russel, A. Thebo, O. Muximpua, and J. Davis. 2011. “Water resale to neighbors in Maputo, Mozambique: costs, service quality, and user satisfaction.” Journal of Water and Health, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 773-784. doi:10.2166/wh.2011.031. Find It Here



Peer-Reviewed Publications

Learn more about Prof. Russel’s research at Google Scholar .

Policy Reports, Book Chapters and Other Publications


K. Russel and Isabella Montgomery. Container-Based Sanitation Implementation Guide 1st Edition. Container-Based Sanitation Alliance, London, UK. 2020. Find It Here

K. Russel, A. Oko-Williams, and L. Diaz. 2018. “With Elephant, Rider, Path, behavior change isn’t rocket science.”  UCD in Sanitation, The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Find It Here 


Hall, R., Davis, J., Van Houweling, E., Vance, E. A., Carzolio, M., Seiss, M., and Russel, K. 2014. “Impact Evaluation of the Mozambique Rural Water Supply Activity.” Millennium Challenge Corporation, United States of America. pp. 1-120. Find It Here

K. Russel and N. Cariello. 2012. “Every Drop Counts: Rural Water and Sanitation in Sub-Saharan Africa.” SAUTI: Stanford Journal of African Studies, Volume VIII: pp. 15-17. 2011-2012. Find It Here

K. Russel, “Quantification of Call Variations Between Sub-Regional Florida Scrub Jay (Aphelocoma coerulescens) Populations” 2005. Master of Environmental Science Thesis. Find It Here

Reports and White Papers Featuring Contributions

National Science Foundation (NSF) Landscape Carbon Sequestration for Atmospheric Recovery White Paper: A Perspective on Convergence to Accelerate Carbon Sequestration. University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon. [Silva LCR, Wood M, Johnson B, Bomfim B, Coughlan M, Smith M, Brinton H, Bridgham S, and McGuire K (eds.)] 2019. Find It Here

World Bank. 2019. “Evaluating the Potential of Container-Based Sanitation.” World Bank, Washington, DC. Find It Here

re.source sanitation work featured in; Designing the Next Generation of Sanitation Businesses: A Report by Hystra for the Toilet Board Coalition. September 2014. Find It Here

re.source sanitation work featured in; A Collection of Contemporary Toilet Designs. EOOS and WEDC, Loughborough University. 2014, 

ISBN: 978 1 84380 155 9  Find It Here

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